Siddha - System of Medicine for Various Ailments, Diagnosis and Treatment

Siddha : A System of Medicine for Various Ailments

Dr.P. Jeya Prakash Narayanan profile Authored by Dr.P. Jeya Prakash Narayanan on 6 Jun 2014 - 12:32.

Siddha is an ancient traditional system of medicine which is being successfully practiced for almost last 25000 years. The Siddha system of medicine is formulated and named after renowned Siddhars. The primordial Guru, Siva is known to be the father of Siddha medicine. 

Siddha medicine involve herbs, animals, minerals and treatment like physiotherapy, panchakarmam, marmam, acupressure, naturopathy and yoga. In addition, Siddha system of medicine comprises total 64 types of medicines (32 internal medicines+32 external medicines) derived from nature.

Siddha system of medicine considers treatment and prevention of the disease in collaboration with body and mind. It aims to attain a healthy body while working on the mind too, by acquiring a calm and composed stature of mind.

The principles of Siddha medicine

Siddha system of medicine is based on the belief that all matter comprises of two main forces, one is Shiva (matter) and another is Shakti (energy) which operates in the nature. These principles connect the microcosm with the macrocosm and the connection is expressed by the link between the human body and zodiac signs. The Siddha system of medicine explains the association of the zodiac signs and the body parts as follows:

  • Cancer = the chest
  • Leo = the heart and the stomach
  • Virgo = the intestines
  • Libra = the kidneys
  • Scórpio = the genitals
  • Sagittárius = the hips
  • Capricornus = the knees
  • Aquárius = the legs
  • Pisces = the feet
  • Áries = the neck
  • Taurus = the shoulders
  • Gémini = the arms and hands

According to Siddha, five basic elements (earth, water, fire, wind, and space) unite in a unique way and provide three bodily humors; in the proportion of 1 wind (Vali) toInherent fire ½(Pitham) to ¼ substance of the body (Kabam or Iyam).

1. Wind (Vata): It is associated with health related to the nervous system and nerve actions, body motion, bodily activity and sensations.

2. Inherent fire or heat (Pitha): It is made up of fire and is associated with the digestive system, metabolism, warmth, immunity, assimilation and bio combustion and other parts included from alimentry canal to the small intestine.

3. Substance of the body (Kapha): It is made up of earth and water and is believed to be associated with stability of the body and mainly involves the stability of throat, chest, bone joints and head part.

Diagnosis of the Disease

Siddha system of medicine emphasizes the diagnosis of the disease with the help of certain examinations, which mainly includes following eight examinations:

1.      The examination of the tongue by appearance:

o   Appearance of black tongue indicates wind

o   Yellow or red tongue - bile

o   White tongue indicates phlegm

o   Presence of ulcers on the tongue indicates anemia

2.      The skin examination (complexion)

o   Dark complexion indicates wind

o   Yellow or red complexion indicates bile

o   Pale complexion indicates phlegm

3.      The examination of the voice:

a.      The normal voice is an indicative of  wind

b.      The high pitch in voice indicates bile

c.       The low pitched voice is an indicative of phlegm

4.      The examinations of the eye:

a.      The mud colored eyes indicates the wind

b.      The yellow or red color in eyes indicates the bile

c.       Pale colored eyes indicates the phlegm

5.      The touch examinations:

o   Sensation of dryness is an indicative of a wind

o   Feeling of warmness is an indicative of Pitha

o   Feeling of cold and calm are often an indicative of phlegm

6.      The stool examination (mala):

a.      Blackish stool indicates wind.

b.      Yellowish stool indicates bile.

c.       Pale stool indicates phlegm.

7.      The pulse examination (nadi): It’s the most important examination in the Siddha system of medicine. According to Siddha there are almost 4448 kinds of diseases that may affect a human health. The pulse analysis shows different vibrations for various diseases coming under sub-categories (vata, pitta and kapha).

According to Siddha experts, pulse analysis should not be done on the patients with an:

¾    Empty stomach

¾    Full stomach

¾    Tired

¾    Stressed

¾    Oily hands

8.      The urine (neer) examination: Early morning urine is examined; straw color is indigestion, reddish yellow is excessive heat, rose is blood pressure, saffron color is jaundice and looks like meat washed water in renal disease.

Treatment of the Diseases

The Siddha system of medicine is an effective treatment for a diverse range of chronic conditions including, various diseases of the liver, skin, bone and joint problems related to men’s health, piles, bleeding and various other ailments.

In addition to diagnosis of the root cause of the disease, Siddha system of medicine considers various aspects including, environment of the patient, age, sex, addictions and habits, eating pattern, mental health and conditions other physical fitness parameters. It is very effective in auto immune disorders and lifestyle disorders.


*Disclaimer: This is not medical advice. The content is for educational purposes only. Please contact your doctor for any health care issues.