Top 7 Skin Tips for Summer

Top 7 Skin Tips for Summer

Authored by DesiMD Doctor on 19 Apr 2016 - 12:07

sun-protection

Come summer and the skin becomes the first victim of the heat, if enough care is not taken. Direct exposure to the sun can lead to premature aging, dry skin, tanning, pigmentation, marks, wrinkles and even skin cancer, over time.

How does summer impact your skin?

The sun plays a direct role both externally and internally on the skin and the body. Here’s a low down on how it impacts your skin:

  • UVA (Ultraviolet A): UVA rays penetrate deep into the vascular inner layer of the skin-dermis. The damage to the skin can activate free radicals and promote skin aging.
  • UVB (Ultraviolet B): This wavelength penetrates in to the outer layer of the skin called epidermis covering the body surface causes allergic reactions and skin cancers. After 6 times of being burned by sun, the skin is at twice the risk of developing melanoma (skin cancer).
  • UVC (Ultraviolet C): These rays are filtered by the ozone layer and are most harmful.
  • ST (Scratch test): Scratch test, also known as a puncture or prick test in which the potential allergens are placed on the prick to test for any allergic reaction.
  • IR (Infra-red): This is excess heat from the sun that can affect your skin collagen and elastic.

Tips to beat the summer rage on the skin:

  • Apply Sunscreen: Jeannette Graf, assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City recommends, wearing sunscreen lotion on the whole body for 2-3 weeks before heading to a beach so that the sunscreen builds up in the stratum corneum and makes your skin less likely to burn. On returning from the beach lacto calamine lotion or any after-sun care cream may be applied for soothing the skin. Macrene Alexiades-Armenakas, assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut suggests opting for ‘oil free’ sunscreen, as it prevents breakout of the skin. A false sense of security about your ability to stay in the sun all day because you're wearing sunscreen is dangerous. Scientists worry that this false sense of security coupled with inferior UVA based sunscreen lotions have actually led to skin cancers.  
     
  • Treat Sunburns:  "It's all about getting the inflammation down as soon as possible to curb damage in the skin and to calm redness," says Patricia Wexler, associate clinical professor of dermatology at Mount Sinai Medical Center. One should douse a facecloth in a bowl of ice and skim milk and apply it to the area for about 5 to 10 minutes. You can also take ibuprofen or aspirin and apply hydrocortisone cream. Skin care products that contain antioxidants like vitamin C, E, and green tea helps reverse sun damage.
     
  • Stay Hydrated: Hydration is key to a healthy skin. Ample amounts of fluids and water goes a long way to keep you hydrated. Our bodies tend to lose a lot of moisture in the summer, so it is essential to regularly replenish it by drinking liters of water. This keeps your skin moisturized and naturally soft. Spraying some cool rose water on your skin before stepping out in the sun, helps to boost hydration naturally.

    Drinking eight glasses of plain, filtered water regularly helps maintain critical moisture balance and detoxification of the body and skin. Cucumber juice applied on the face and eyes has a great cooling and hydrating effect during summers. High temperatures results in internal dehydration, leading to dizzy spells and headaches. Plain water, butter milk, fresh lime water with a little salt or coconut water act like magic potions for your body especially during summers.
     

  • Stay out of the sun between 10am and 3pm. The hottest part of the day during the summer is the most damaging time. Exposure to the sun during this period is harmful because of the radiation. Exercising or any other activities are best done in the early hours of the day or after the sun sets.
     
  • Wear summer-freindly clothing : Wearing right clothing makes a huge difference in summers. Some clothes are infused with a UV-absorbing colorless dye, an indicator of how clothing can act as an excellent barrier against the sun's rays. Covering up your skin as much skin as you can and wearing lightweight, cotton clothes that breathe in air reduces sweating and exposure to the sun heat. Also wearing light color fabrics help reflect heat. Wearing a hat and sunglasses protect your sensitive eyes and the head that can be severely affected, if not protected.
  • Avoid aerated drinks: Many take to chilled aerated waters to quench a thirst. But aerated drinks contain are sugar-based which is not healthy for your body and skin. Instead, fresh fruit juices, lime water, fresh mango drink, coconut water or butter milk are healthier options for your skin.
  • Exfoliate your skin: Exfoliating your skin in the summer helps improve blood circulation and clear the dead skin. A home remedy for skin exfoliation is best. A fine paste of 4 to 5 tbsps of gram flour with 5 to 6 drops of rose water, a pinch of turmeric and yoghurt is a healthy option for exfoliation. Exfoliation can be done r one to two times a week if you are having a dry skin or two to three times a week, if you have an oily skin. This helps to remove dead skin and slough off previous sun damage.

Your summer mantra should be ‘Protection, Exfoliation, Circulation’ that leads to a radiating skin.

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