Are You Prone to High Blood Pressure - Read This

Are You Prone to High Blood Pressure?

Authored by DesiMD Doctor on 8 Oct 2015 - 11:31

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Do you know 60% of your health problems occur in the 30 – 45 age groups and about 70% of them can be averted if diagnosed on time? The three avoidable risk factors for death and disease among adults, as identified by researchers, in a global study  ( analyzing data between 1990 – 2013), are high blood pressure (HBP), smoking and high BMI (body, mass index). Almost a 50% increase in deaths due to HBP according to the results during this period.

Now, are these statistics and your personal health history, telling you something about your own health? Well, if you think you are healthy and your BMI is under control, that’s not enough. A family history with high blood pressure and continuous stress for long periods of time is enough to trigger high BP. This means you are still not completely ruled out for high blood pressure. High BP is a silent killer, a serious condition that can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and other complications. It can identified if regular body check-ups are done.

Does HBP have any symptoms?

HBP condition is not symptomatic. It does not manifest any symptoms. You could be having it for years without knowing you have it, but during this time, HBP can damage the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of your body. It’s important to know your blood pressure numbers, even though you feel fine.  BP is measured by systolic and diastolic pressures and the normal reading is 120/80 mmHg respectively.

If your blood pressure is normal, you can work with your doctor to maintain it that way. If your blood pressure is too high, a proper treatment may help prevent damage to your body organs. But how do you know what your BP is like, unless you go for a health checkup periodically? So, health checkup is key to check your health status.

How does the doctor confirm, HBP?

For your doctor to confirm that you have high blood pressure, your blood pressure must be at least 140/90 on two separate occasions. It is usually measured 1 to 4 weeks apart.

What triggers it?

Constant pressure or tension, a family history of HBP and bad lifestyle which includes eating unhealthy diet, sedentary lifestyle and a high BMI (overweight/obese) are some factors for the onset of HBP. Unhealthy lifestyle includes:

  • Consuming excess sodium (salt)
  • Potassium deficiency
  • Fatty food
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Constant stress
  • Smoking and
  • Drinking

How can you prevent it?

Blood pressure has the tendency to rise with age. A healthy lifestyle helps some people delay or prevent this rise in blood pressure. Key steps include, following a healthy lifestyle, regular health check-ups, and adhering to your treatment plan. People who have HBP can take steps to control it and reduce their risk of related health problems.

What are the tests included for Hypertension or HBP?

  • Physical examination
  • Recording of the patient’s history by a general practitioner
  • Measurement of blood pressure
  • Clinical examination
  • ECG (+ opinion from a cardiologist)
  • Cardiovascular examination
  • Eye test
  • Chest X-ray
  • Cardiac Ultrasound
  • Adrenal gland and renal sonography
  • Fundus examination
  • General blood test
  • ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate)
  • Blood potassium
  • Blood sodium
  • Blood calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Blood creatinine (glucose)
  • Urea
  • Uric acid
  • Creatinine
  • Cholesterol
  • Hdl cholesterol
  • Ldl cholesterol
  • Triglycerides
  • Transaminase SGOT – AST
  • Transaminase SGOT – AST
  • ALP
  • ΓGT (γGT)
  • General urine test
  • TSH
  • Triiodothyronine
  • FT4

How often should you go for these tests?

There are no guidelines set in stone. You must discuss with your doctor and make the best decision about scheduling certain tests more or less frequently than recommended. “That will be based on the guidelines, but also on your personal medical history, family history, and lifestyle and behavior choices,” says Donnica Moore, MD, author of Women's Health For Life.

 

 

*Disclaimer: This is not medical advice. The content is for educational purposes only. Please contact your doctor for any health care issues.