Prevent Osteoporosis Risk with Bone Mineral Density Test

Prevent Osteoporosis Risk with Bone Mineral Density Test

Authored by DesiMD Doctor on 17 Oct 2015 - 11:50

Osteoporotic-bones

We think about maintaining good health in general, but don't think about our bone health in particular.  Your bone health must be at the top of the list. Strong bones support us and allow us to move. They protect our heart, lungs and brain from injury. Our bones are also a storehouse for vital minerals.

Often we find people in their middle age complaining of weak bones or falls and fractures. This is primarily due to osteoporosis, a condition which leads to porous bones making bones weak and susceptible to falls and fractures. Awareness about your bone health is important. And only a timely bone mineral density test can help to address this problem, with proper diet, exercises and necessary precautions.

What are the risk factors?

There are various risk factors some modifiable and some non-modifiable.  Risk factors could include ageing, being female, low body weight and reduced sex hormones during menopause in women, family history of osteoporosis, malnutrition, lack of exercise, alcohol and smoking.

Any Symptoms?

It is asymptomatic and therefore it is very important to go for bone mineral density test to ensure your bone health and take appropriate timely treatment to prevent it from becoming worse.

How can you prevent it?

While diet (rich in calcium and vitamin D) and exercise (strengthens bones) play a major role in prevention of osteoporosis, some non-modifiable factors cannot be ignored. Vitamin D is vital for bones. This vitamin drops with age and leads to reduced absorption of Calcium necessary for healthy bones. Sunlight is the best form of vitamin D, besides diet.

Hence a periodic bone mineral test will indicate the bone loss and the state of your bones, so that corrective measures can be applied before the risk becomes serious.

Bone Mineral Test to Prevent Osteoporosis:

Bone mineral density (BMD) normally drops with age. BMD tests determine your bone density levels and if you are prone to- or already have osteoporosis. This information helps determine which prevention or treatment steps are needed.

A bone density test is a special X-ray scan normally recommended for people at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis depending upon the risk factors of an individual mentioned above. One could also take up and complete or full body health checkup to get the tests done which will not only check for BMD for other problems too.

DEXA Scan (Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry)

This scan is not painful and takes around 20 minutes. The DEXA scanner produces a T score for bone density at different levels:

  • Normal Condition: A T score between +1 and -1
  • Early Osteoporosis: A T score between -1 and -2.5 indicates osteopenia
  • Osteoporosis Confirmed: A T score below -2.5.

    Now that you have awareness about osteoporosis and its causes and risk factors, you know how important it is to go for Osteoporosis test.

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*Disclaimer: This is not medical advice. The content is for educational purposes only. Please contact your doctor for any health care issues.