The Answer to Cancer Prevention: Study

The Answer to Cancer Prevention: Study

Authored by DesiMD Doctor on 30 Jun 2016 - 10:52

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Did you know, simply eating a healthy, nutritious, balanced diet and regular exercise could lower your risk of developing cancer by about 45 percent? This was concluded by a new evidence review. Researchers also report that following cancer prevention guidelines for diet and activity would reduce the risk of dying from cancer by about 61 percent.

Cancer prevention guidelines – Published by the American Cancer Society and the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research, prevention guidelines recommend lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, choosing whole grains over refined grains, limiting consumption of processed or red meat, avoiding excess alcohol, and eating five or more servings of a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables every day.

"Overall, we saw there is quite a reduction in getting cancer or dying from cancer if you follow [cancer-prevention] guidelines," said lead researcher Lindsay Kohler, a doctoral student in epidemiology at the University of Arizona. Her colleagues and Kohler found that living healthy, proves effective in preventing colon cancer by about 52 percent (men & women) , breast and endometrial cancer by 60 percent each, in women. Other studies showed that these cancers were related to obesity. Therefore, living healthy by following prevention guidelines reduces obesity and the risk of cancer too.

Researchers also found that alcoholics (drinking too much alcohol), overweight /obese individuals, eating poor diet and not exercising, accounts for more than 20 percent cancer cases.

Although cancer arises from genetic mutations in cells and genetic inheritance influences the risk of cancer, it is found that in most individuals and across populations, these inherited factors did not cause cancer. Exposure to  tobacco products, unhealthy weight, physically inactive life, and unhealthy diet were often seen as major risk factor for developing cancer. Behavioral habits opposite to the above mentioned lifestyle significantly reduces one’s lifetime risk of developing cancer or even cardiovascular diseases.

Marjorie McCullough, strategic director of nutritional epidemiology for the American Cancer Society says, The guidelines themselves are based on the current evidence of what we know to lower the risk of cancer. Each of these components is important. The more the guidelines are followed, the lower the cancer risk."

A study found that the risk of developing breast cancer for a person, decreased 11 percent for each additional cancer prevention recommendation adopted. Eg. Someone eating right would lower their risk by 11 percent, while eating right and exercising would lower risk by 22 percent.

The study finding were published online June 23, 2016 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

 

Reference : MedlinePlus

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