Walking 5 Minutes, Every 30 Minutes Prevents Type 2 Diabetes: Study

Walking 5 Minutes, Every 30 Minutes Prevents Type 2 Diabetes: Study

Authored by DesiMD Doctor on 25 Dec 2015 - 13:49

 

walking-woman

A simple behavioral approach – interrupting prolonged sitting with 5 minutes of walking or standing – reduced postprandial glucose and insulin levels in women, who are at high risk for Type 2 Diabetes, according to a new study (published in Diabetes Care, The Journal of the American Diabetes Association)

Presently, those at risk of the condition are advised to engage in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for at least 2.5 hrs / week.

The researchers at the University of Leicester conducted a study, to find out whether breaking up long periods of sitting with short bouts of walking or standing improved sugar levels along the day and if it continued into the following day, among high risk Type 2 diabetic women.

Study: Researchers enrolled about 22 obese or overweight individuals who were put into the following groups:

  • Prolonged sitting
  • Continuous sitting (7.5 hours)
  • Sitting for long periods interrupted with either standing or walking at a self-perceived light-intensity (for 5 minutes every 30 minutes).

Participants were offered standardized breakfast and lunch meals and the participants again experienced the sitting protocol (7.5 hours) the following day.

Study Findings: The team noticed that with five minutes of standing every 30 minutes induced identical changes to sugar and insulin levels, post breakfast and lunch as with similar periods of self-perceived light-intensity walking.

As compared with continuous sitting, standing reduced the rise by 34% (compared with a 28% reduction for walking) and by 20% (37% for walking) respectively in sugar and insulin levels on the day of the intervention. In addition, the observations for sugar (standing and walking) and insulin (walking only) existed into the following day.

Study author Dr Joseph Henson concluded, "This simple, behavioral approach could inform future public health interventions aimed at improving the metabolic profile of women at a high risk of Type 2 diabetes. As standing and walking are behaviorally more common than MVPA these findings may provide appealing interventional targets in the promotion of metabolic health."

 

 

Reference: ”Breaking Up Prolonged Sitting With Standing or Walking Attenuates the Postprandial Metabolic Response in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Acute Study”, Joseph Henson Melanie J. Davies, Danielle H. Bodicoat, Charlotte L. Edwardson, Jason M.R. Gill, David J. Stensel, Keith Tolfrey, David W. Dunstan, Kamlesh Khunti, and Thomas YatesDiabetes Care, doi: 10.2337/dc15-1240. Published online before print December 1, 2015;  University of Leicester

 

 

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