Helping Dyslexia Children Lead Normal Lives

Helping Dyslexia Children Lead Normal Lives

Dr.Enozia Vakil profile Authored by Dr.Enozia Vakil on 16 May 2014 - 17:52.

Dyslexia is a neurological disorder where the brain processes information differently as compared to a normal person. The person is born with this disorder, so it’s a lifelong challenge for the person, because the language is not interpreted appropriately and so it hinders reading, writing and speaking.

The person suffers from phonological awareness and verbal comprehension skills.  Identifying Dyslexia at an early stage is important, because the child suffers when he is put through learning in the school like other normal children. These children with Dyslexia should be helped with alternate learning methods to help them be successful.

Signs and Symptoms

Dyslexia is broadly divided in three cognitive subtypes which are auditory, visual and attention. It causes many problems to children like impaired voice-recognition abilities, learning difficulties, writing abilities etc. Every case related to dyslexia has completely different characteristics.

Some cases are due to genetic disorder and some are acquired. The most common symptoms and signs found in a person who has acquired dyslexia are problem in generating rhyming words, counting syllables, identification of alphabets and directions, problem in forming words etc.

Most people think that a person acquired with dyslexia always spells backwards but this is found in a very mere population. Uzma Aamir, Head, Prerna School for dyslexia says that, “Dyslexia is not a disease that can be cured by medicines but the effects can definitely be alleviated. It's best to focus on the child's strengths and support him with the weaknesses.”

Causes of Dyslexia

Since 1881, researchers have been trying to find the basis of dyslexia in human beings. The most common theories suggest that dyslexia is caused due to neuroanatomical, genetically and gene-environment interaction. Functional magnetic reasoning imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) has been very useful in examining dyslexia and its symptoms in children.

Genetic researches based on examination of post-autopsy of brains have also clarified the conditions of dyslexia. Similarly twin studies in gene-environment interactions have played a vital role is the aforesaid endeavour.

The Effects of Dyslexia

This learning disability tends to affect people differently, and the success of the treatment options too, differs from person to person. While some kids tend to have trouble with spellings and reading, other kids may have writing problems.

Though dyslexia is a learning disorder, it has been found that individuals affected by this condition have trouble expressing themselves clearly. In many cases, dyslexic kids have problems handling schoolwork, which makes them lose their motivation to continue to try learning.

Decoding the Warning Signs

The signs and symptoms associated with this learning disorder tend to differ as per the age of the individual affected.

School going children may find it difficult to remember facts and numbers, may have difficulties in mastering the rules of spelling and learning and understanding new skills and memorizing. On the other hand, teens and adults may find it difficult to grasp non-literal languages such as jokes and proverbs, and may have organisational difficulties.

Treatment Options

"Positive attitude, appreciation, giving visual aids in bedrooms and classrooms will help. More than anyone else educate yourself the most about the child's problem," Uzma Aamir, the head of Prerna School for Dyslexic Genius, explained. Everyone should understand that this is not a disease and can be successfully cured. We all know that every dyslexia case has distinctive characteristics and that’s why every case needs a different strategy to be followed.

There are many therapies through which people can overcome this problem and can learn to read and write properly.  Proper counselling and medical techniques can conceal the symptoms on dyslexia permanently.  Extra learning assistance, remedial classes, individual tutoring, special day classes can be very beneficial to help the people overcome dyslexia. Boosting the moral and developing positive reinforcement for students can serve very well to cure this.

The earlier the disorder is inspected the better the outcome is. Guidance from health care providers and doctors should be taken at regular intervals. 

In fact, many famous personalities including Mozart, Tom Cruise, Albert Einstein, Agatha Christie were actually dyslexic, and they were successful in life and used their creative side to create history.  Let’s help them get what they deserve.

*Disclaimer: This is not medical advice. The content is for educational purposes only. Please contact your doctor for any health care issues.