5 Birth Control Methods, Effectivity and Side Effects

5 Birth Control Methods, Effectivity and Side Effects

Authored by DesiMD Doctor on 20 Aug 2015 - 16:55


Various contraceptive methods have been in use for years, by many, to prevent pregnancy. Though there are several options, it is difficult  to choose one that is best for you, as each method has its own pros and cons. However, a new study published in The Lancet Oncology claims the birth control pill offers long-term protection against endometrial cancer.  Here are five methods that suit unique persons according to their need:

  • Hormonal Contraception: Hormonal contraception can be allotted in various methods that include vaginal rings, patches, pills and injections. When used in an accurate manner each of these methods are effective. Women who are overweight and have a past medical history are at a higher risk for stroke, high blood pressure, gallstones and heart attack.
  • Implanted Intrauterine Device: The intrauterine device (IUD) is a T-shaped copper device that is inserted into the uterus for several years and considered as an effective method for birth control. Again there are serious risks linked with IUD that includes uterine cramps, pelvic inflammatory disease, heavy menses and inter-menstrual bleeding.
  • Essure (Tubal Implant): Essure is proven to be the most effective procedure that involves the placement of an implant into the fallopian tube, with no surgery. This implant will block the tubes approximately 3 months after insertion that will help in preventing pregnancy.
  • Emergency contraception: Morning after pill is easily available over-the-counter that can be used as an emergency contraception. It should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected intercourse. Levonorgestrel and ulipristal acetate (Ella) are the two types of morning after pill that are beneficial up to 120 hours after unprotected sex. Side effects of these pills include fatigue, nausea, vomiting and dizziness.
  • Female Condom: With correct use female condoms is proven to be one of the safest methods for birth control. It works by lining the vagina with a rubber device.  Female condoms are available over-the-counter and can be used with oil or water based lubricants. Penile irritation and vaginal discomfort are the disadvantages of this method.

With these choices listed above it is advisable to discuss with your partner and health care provider before taking a decision. Also, consider your health status, future pregnancy plans and efficacy before choosing your birth control method.  



*Disclaimer: This is not medical advice. The content is for educational purposes only. Please contact your doctor for any health care issues.