Modern medicine also called the ‘Allopathic’ system of medicine is rooted in science and relies heavily on other scientific disciplines like physics, chemistry, engineering etc. for finding solutions to human ailments. It has achieved remarkable progress but has serious limitations in terms of cost, human touch, difficulty in accessing services etc. Alternative medicine like Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Unani, Siddha, Naturopathy, Yoga and the Chinese systems of Acupressure and Acupuncture have proved themselves to be effective and cheaper alternatives within one’s reach. This section lucidly explains the role of the various different alternative medicine systems in preventing and treating disease in a cost-effective way.