ALL ABOUT GYNECOMASTIA | DesiMD

ALL ABOUT GYNECOMASTIA

 

 

 

GYNECOMASTIA

Swollen male breast tissues caused by hormone imbalance are known as Gynecomastia.  During infancy, puberty, and middle-aged to older men, gynecomastia can be common. More than 1 million cases in a year of Gynecomastia. The male breast tissues swell either because of reduced male testosterone or increased in female hormones which are known as estrogens. Although breasts don't develop in men the way they do in women. Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts, it's unevenly sometimes. Gynecomastia does not mean that they have extra fat because of being overweight. It is caused by additional breast tissues. Gynecomastia is not a serious problem; it's harmless and it may go away on its own. It can be uncomfortable, or embarrassing.  By adulthood, 90 percent of cases are solved.

HOW DOES GYNECOMASTIA LOOK LIKE?

Gynecomastia refers to enlarged glandular tissue rather than Adipose tissue (fat) as shown in the image above.

CAUSES OF GYNECOMASTIA

Gynecomastia is activated by a reduction in the amount of hormone testosterone when compared to estrogen.

Some things can make a difference and cause hormone imbalance:

1.Natural hormone changes

The testosterone and estrogen control the development and maintenance of genders, men and women. Testosterone controls male traits, which include muscle mass and body hair. Estrogen controls female traits, including the growth of breasts. Estrogen is produced from male hormone too, though in small quantities. However, male estrogen levels that are too high or are more than testosterone levels cause Gynecomastia.

Gynecomastia in Infants and during puberty is possible.

2.Medications

There are certain types of prescription drugs that cause gynecomastia. You may be at risk if you are using certain heart medications (such as Digoxin), some types of antibiotics, some of the gastric motility medication (i.e. Metoclopramide), some types of AIDS medications, anabolic steroids, and tricyclic antidepressants, medication for fungal and bacterial infections, fertility problems. Medication to treat an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer harms too.

3.Street Drugs and alcohol

Recreational drugs that can cause gynecomastia are Marijuana, Heroin, Methadone, Amphetamines. Alcohol is one of the substances which can cause gynecomastia too.

4.Health Conditions

The health state matters a lot as it affects the normal balance of hormones. Health conditions include tumor, aging, kidney failure, liver failure, starvation, lack of proper nutrition and obesity. Gynecomastia may be caused because of hyperthyroidism. It's the condition when the thyroid gland produces too much hormone thyroxin.

5.Herbal Products

Plant oils like tea tree or lavender which contains natural chemicals that mimic estrogen hormone, these oils are used in shampoos, soaps or lotions may cause Gynecomastia. This is probably because of poor estrogenic activity.

Its count as a risk factor if gynecomastia happens during adolescence and older age.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The very first symptom of gynecomastia is enlargement of the male breasts. It is symmetrical in the area with regard to the nipple and may have a firm or rubbery feel. The enlargement is not even. It may be greater on one side. The presence of sensitivity is there, although there is no severe pain. The swollen breast gland tissue is the sign which has been noticed mostly. You feel soft lumps in your breasts. It causes soreness when you touch or press on your breast. There are times when you feel a lot of pain or discomfort. That's the state when you should see a doctor right away, and let the doctor know about the signs and symptoms. For more detail visit ClinicSpots.

PREVENTION

Few factors you have in your hands that may reduce the risk of gynecomastia:

  • Don't use illegal drugs (Steroids and androgens, amphetamines, heroin, and marijuana)
  • Avoid Alcohol
  • Review your medications

WHAT MEDICATIONS TREAT GYNECOMASTIA?

Gynecomastia often goes away without treatment in less than two years. It regresses over time without any treatment. However, if gynecomastia is caused because any underlying condition which includes hypogonadism, malnutrition, that condition may need treatment. There are some medications because of gynecomastia is caused. If you are taking those medications, your doctor would eventually recommend you to stop the medication. In general, there are two types of medications which have shown promise in managing gynecomastia:

-Testosterone Replacement

-SERM (Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators)

The medication does not eliminate the problem but can reduce the number of breast tissues.

The condition in gynecomastia improves on its own. The treatment of gynecomastia is not always necessary since transient gynecomastia, such as occurs during puberty. 

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