Cataract in Young Age | DesiMD

Cataract in Young Age

General Practice

Submitted by Dr.Surya Rao Poodipeddi on Sat, 06/22/2013 - 14:25

What are the chances of getting Cataract in young age and how to identify the same?

Though cataract is common in older people children and young adults are not immune from this problem. However, it is less common in the young.  

A soft cataract occurring in a child or young adult is usually congenital or resulting from trauma. For example, the lens may be injured by some foreign object, which may lead to the formation of a cataract. Cataracts are also caused by certain diseases, such as diabetes mellitus like those having juvenile diabetes (diabetes in the young)

A cataract is cloudiness in the lens of the eye, which is normally clear and transparent. The cloudiness caused by a cataract may eventually lead to decreased vision and blindness.

The most common symptom of cataracts is a gradual, painless change in one's vision. Objects become more blurry, filmy, or fuzzy to a person with cataracts. Its presence can be identified if the victim presents with complaints of:

  • Frequent changes in eyeglass prescription
  • Changes in color vision
  • Increased difficulty in seeing at night
  • Poor vision in sunlight
  • Presence of a milky white film in the pupil of the eye

Cataracts are easily diagnosed by an eye specialist. They can often be detected before a patient is aware of a problem with vision. The most direct diagnosis is made by a shining powerful light into the patient’s eye. One can notice color changes or cloudiness if a cataract is developing.

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