Know about Chemotherapy: | DesiMD

Know about Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy is one of the most commonly used cancer treatment methods. India is one of the most trusted cancer treatment destinations in the world. India is preferred because of the quality of the treatment and the affordable price. The metro cities in India like Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai, and Bangalore have highly equipped cancer hospital. Most of these cancer hospitals have the facility to provide chemotherapy treatment.

In chemotherapy, the drugs that prevent cancer cells from growing. This is achieved by killing the dividing cells.

This is achieved by using a wide variety of drugs.

The amount of drugs used and the effectiveness of the treatment depends on the stage of cancer and the type of cancer.

Some of the facts:

  • Chemotherapy is used to prevent the growth or reduce the size of cancer by killing the cells that divide.
  • There is the possibility of harmful side effects.

What is Chemotherapy?

Normally cells in our body divide and get replaced continuously at a constant rate. When cancer occurs this process goes out of control. More cells are being produced and these uncontrollably grown cells start to accumulate over the space of general cells.

What chemotherapy drugs do is, they interfere with these cancer cell’s ability to divide and reproduce. In chemotherapy, a single drug or combination of drugs is used. Chemo is done by directly injecting through the vein to attack cancer cells throughout the body or specifically to target cancer sites.

How does chemotherapy work?

  • In order to starve the tumor, stop the growth of the blood vessels that supply to it.
  • Triggers the elimination of cancer cells.
  • Target the enzymes and hormones that help the cancer cells to grow.
  • Prevent the cell division for cancer cells.

What we can expect from chemo?

Chemotherapy is a hectic treatment that can result in severe side effects. This happens because we cannot control the drugs to target only on the cancerous cell. Sometimes the healthy cells also get affected by the drugs.

Even if the side effects are so aggressive, Chemotherapy, when done in the early stages of cancer, can cure cancer.

How is the chemo done?

The mode of chemo is decided by considering the type of cancer one has. Depending on this the patient may take chemo orally, or injected into the vein.

How long does one have to do chemo?

Normally the duration of the period will be decided by the oncologist or the specialist. It varies from person to person.

Depending on the type and stage of cancer, a course of treatment can be from a single dose on one day to a few weeks.

And a resting period is allotted for patients who need more than one course of treatment in order to recover.

Side effects

As mentioned before chemotherapy treatment involves hectic side effects. The side effects may vary depending on individual and type of the extent of the treatment.

Here are some of the side effects generally seen after chemotherapy.

  1. Nausea and Vomiting
  2. Alopecia or hair loss
  3. Hearing impairment
  4. Fatigue
  5. Low immunity
  6. Mucositis
  7. Loss of appetite
  8. Infertility
  9. Cognitive and mental health problems.