Scoliosis - Causes, Symptoms, Preventions & Treatment
Health Education


Authored by DesiMD Doctor on 20 Mar 2013 - 12:56.

Kyphosis and scoliosis are two disorders that affect the spine. In a normal person, it is acceptable for the spine to have curvatures when viewed from the side; however kyphosis (hyperkyphosis) results in an unnatural hunch in the upper spinal region. These natural curvatures are necessary to help the individual bear loads and acts as shock absorbers for the body. Scoliosis on the other hand, is curvature occurring laterally (sideways), so someone viewing the spine from the front or back will see a deformation. The spine should appear as a straight column when viewed like this.
While most cases of these two disorders are mild, a few will cause significant pain and be debilitating for that individual. Left unchecked, it can result in breathing or cardiovascular anomalies, along with digestive disorders and significantly shortened life spans in severe cases.

Approximately 85% of scoliosis cases are due to some unforeseen force.
The remaining 15% however can be as a result of two origins:
●  Structural: This type of scoliosis is caused secondarily to another condition. Conditions such as muscular dystrophy, certain birth defects and metabolic disorders are all to blame
●  Non-structural: This type of scoliosis occurs temporarily as a result of another condition, such as a gimp leg caused by muscle inflexibility is one such cause

●  Abnormal walking gait
●  Constant fatigue and back pain
●  Ringing in the ears (tinnitus) due to the head not always being aligned
Pathogenesis of Scoliosis
The pathogenesis of scoliosis is not fully understood; however what experts do agree is the fact that adult onset usually results following certain bacterial infections. Besides that, there is really no clear indicator for development of this disorder.


Though there is not a widely accepted treatment method for scoliosis, three approaches are beneficial:
●  Bracing: It will help prevent worsening of curvature of the spinal cord (sideways), but will not reverse existing curvature. Best when used for children to help promote normal spinal curvature
●  Observing:This is done when curvature is minimal, or following initial detection of disease. This method is usually effective during adolescence, and until spinal maturity is attained

At this point, another approach is employed as the following:
●  Surgery: This is the most effective option, although the least desirable. Surgery may usually entail fusion of two or more of the vertebrae to correct curvature
●  Other approaches may include physical therapy, or when indicated strengthening of the back muscles

Prevention of scoliosis is not possible. It is more practical to manage the disease and prevent it from getting worse.
Scoliosis as related to India
A very interesting observation made however, relates to scoliosis and toilet squats. It was noted that there was a significantly lower association between scoliosis and countries that practice toilet squats (china, India), as compared to non-squatting nations. The reason for this occurrence is not clear, but experts postulate that it eliminates lateral tilt of the pelvis, stabilizing the spinal cord.
Always consult your doctor for conditions related to Scoliosis, since this condition is generally for life, and without proper management techniques it can significantly reduce your quality of life.

*Disclaimer This is not medical advice. The content is for educational purposes only. Please contact your doctor for any health care issues.