Do you know that Diabetes could put you at risk for eye diseases? As a diabetic, if your high blood sugar levels are not controlled for a long period of time, it leads to several metabolic disorders and complications to various organs in the body, including the eye causing Diabetic Retinopathy (DRP). DRP occurs with the damage caused to the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina, causing swelling of retinal tissue and clouding of vision.
DRP is a systemic disease, which affects up to 80 percent of patients who have had diabetes for 20 years or more. DRP can affect both the eyes. Though DRP cannot be always prevented the following prevention measures:
- Regular Screening: Get an eye-check up once a year, without fail, even if your vision seems fine, because symptoms do not show unless the condition is chronic or serious, by when the damage is done. So getting periodic screening done, helps early detection of DRP.
- Managing Diabetes: Maintaining blood sugar and blood pressure levels near normal by eating healthy and doing moderate aerobic exercises such as walking for 150 minutes. Taking medication regularly.
- Medications: Take diabetes medicines regularly or insulin if necessary as advised by your doctor.
- Monitoring blood sugar levels: Regular monitoring of sugar several times a day especially if you are under stress or unwell. Consult an eye doctor immediately if a change in your vision occurs
- Checkups during Pregnancy: Additional check-ups during pregnancy are recommended to prevent complications.
- Healthy lifestyle: Following a healthy lifestyle with balanced and nutritive diet and regular exercises can prevent diabetes.
- Glycosylated hemoglobin test: Get the glycosylated hemoglobin test, or hemoglobin A1C test, which should be under 7 percent for those have a A1c goal.
- Blood pressure and cholesterol levels: Keeping it under control at all times.
- Watch for any vision changes: If you experience sudden vision changes or your vision becomes hazy or blurry contact your doctor immediately. Early intervention for vision problems can help prevent severe vision loss.
Coping with DRP:
Diabetes doesn't necessarily lead to vision loss unless poorly managed. Taking an active role in diabetes management can go a long way toward preventing complications.
There is no cure for diabetes retinopathy, the lost vision cannot be reversed, but any leftover vision (undamaged retina) can be preserved if immediately attended to, by doctors. Laser treatment is effective at preventing vision loss only if it is done before the retina is damaged. Surgery may be necessary to remove the vitreous gel, if the retina has not been severely damaged. The earlier the detection of retinopathy the better and easier the treatment in preserving vision loss. Regular screening of eyes can go a long way in preventing retinopathy. However if you are affected by it seek advice from your doctor on the future course of action.21/11/2015 by Dr.
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