Health Checks Recommended For 40 and Above Adults
Healthy Living

Recommended Health Checks For 40 and Above

Dr.Ramya Smitha  profile Authored by Dr.Ramya Smitha on 4 Jan 2016 - 11:29.

Checkup

“Life begins at 40 – but so do fallen arches, rheumatism, faulty eyesight, and the tendency to tell a story to the same person, three or four times”- Helen Rowland

Sounds familiar? Well, to some it may be just a ‘number’, but you can’t overlook the physiological and biological changes linked to this number, called the ‘age’.  The various changes in the body are bound to draw your attention, if you don’t give it the due attention, it very much deserves.

The falling hair, the large waist girth, shooting BMI, failing eye sight, the difficulty to bend and touch your feet, the diet challenges, hypertension, obesity or any other -  are enough to remind you of your age related disorders.

Isn’t it better for you to wake up before they wake you up and challenge you?

Forty is life’s golden age, if you’ve taken care of your health all along. Even if you didn’t so far, it’s never too late. It’s time you go for regular checkups, even if you think you are healthy and fine.

Why Health Checkups (HCP)?

Health Checkups are required to answer for yourself, if you’re healthy or not. At 40, it is time to assess your present state of your health, correct past indiscretions if any and prepare your body for many more years of healthy life.

A health checkup when you hit 40 or better still 35, if not earlier, is important because:

  • Screening helps detect any medical issues if present
  • It helps assess your risk of future medical problems
  • Alerts you to follow a healthy lifestyle
  • Update any vaccinations and
  • Get to know your health profile and status

Risks:  

You could be feeling perfectly fine, while you may be heading for high blood pressure, or high cholesterol or high blood sugar in the near future, because they do not have any associated symptoms. The risk of a futur health disorder can be ironed out if it is attended to before it occurs.

Screenings for men 40- 60 age group:

A blood test can provide some insight into your health condition, but you must follow specific times to get these checkups done/see your physician, as given below for those men in the age group of 40 – 65:

Test Type

Check for Condition

Starting at age:

Periodicity of Checkups

Blood Pressure (BP) Screening

High Blood Pressure

At 40 or even earlier, if you’re overweight – Follow doctor advice

Every 2 years or every year if it is not within the range. If you have If you have diabetes, heart disease, kidney problems, or other conditions, get your BP  checked more often

Cholesterol Screening  and Heart Disease Prevention

High Cholesterol

Over 34 years

 Every 5 years or often, If you have If you have diabetes, heart disease, kidney problems, or other conditions, get your BP  checked more often

Blood Sugar Levels

Diabetes

Over 45 years or younger depending on your weight

Every 3 years

Stool Test,  sigmoidoscopy  and Colonoscopy

Colon Cancer Screening

Between 50- 75; If under 50, only in case of family history of colon cancer, polyps or inflammatory bowel disease

 

A stool test every year
Colonoscopy every 10  yrs. or more often depending on risk factors
Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: 5-10 yrs

Dental Exam and Cleaning

For overall checkup

Earlier or atleast 40 onwards

Every year

Eye Exam

Eye Health

From 40 onwards

Every 1-3years if you have glaucoma risk or vision problems

Osteoporosis Screening

Osteoporosis

50 - 75

Depends on osteoporosis risk factors like family history, long-term steroid use, smoking and alcoholism. Talk to your physician

Immunizations: Flu Shot -
Tetanus-diphtheria booster -vaccination;
Shingles or Herpes Zoster Vaccine-

 

Flu
Diphtheria

Shingles or Herpes

Over 40 years
Over 40 years

After  60 years

Every year
Every 10 years

 

Physical Exam

To prevent diseases – check for BMI, weight, height; Routine tests are not recommended

At 40 or earlier is better

Health visit every 2 years until age 50

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test

Prostate Cancer

50 yrs. and above, or at 45 if you have family history of Prostate Cancer

Getting PSA test every year is safe

Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for screening lung cancer

Lung Cancer

55 - 80 years ( If you have 30 pack-year smoking history or smoke currently or quit within last 15 yrs.)

Every year

 

 

 

 

Tests for women over 40 years:

Similarly for women over 40 a series of tests are recommended to test their current state of health and as a preventive measure to avoid any future diseases. Check them out from the link above and prepare yourself to get them done for a healthy future.
Investing in your health now will help you reap the benefits that far outweigh your effort and time spent on it.

Note: Always seek a doctor's advice before going for any tests.

 

Reference:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults, United States, 2014. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/adult/adult-schedule.pdf... July 24, 2014.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults, United States, 2014.  Available at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/adult/adult-schedule.pdf. Accessed July 24, 2014.

National Osteoporosis Foundation. Clinician's Guide to Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis. Washington, DC: National Osteoporosis Foundation; 2013.

Peterson ED, Gaziano JM, Greenland P. Recommendations for treating hypertension: what are the right goals and purposes? JAMA. 2014 Feb 5;311(5):474-476.

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007465.htm

 

 

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