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Know your Risk of High Blood Pressure and Prevention Measures

High blood pressure (hypertension) is sometimes called the "silent killer" because there no typical symptoms. If high BP is left uncontrolled, you may end up with a disability, a poor quality of life or even a fatal heart attack. Fortunately, you can control hypertension to reduce your risk of life-threatening complications with lifestyle changes and treatment.

What is high blood pressure (HBP)?

BP is recorded with two numbers.The systolic

pressure (higher number) and the diastolic pressure (lower number) and measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).

As a General Guide:

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HBP is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher

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Ideal BP is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg

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Low BP is considered to be 90/60mmHg or lower.

You probably have high blood pressure if your blood pressure readings are consistently 140 over 90, or higher, or even if just one of the numbers is higher than normal, over a number of weeks.

Risks of High Blood Pressure:

In HBP cases, the increased pressure of blood flowing through your arteries can cause a variety of problems over time, including damaging:

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Arteries – causing aortic aneurysms, chest pain

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Heart – causing heart attacks, strokes, heart failure,

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Brain – trouble with memory or understanding, stroke,

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Kidney – kidney failure, kidney scarring

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Eyes - Eye blood vessel & nerve damage, fluid build-up under retina and

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Sexual dysfunction – erectile dysfunction in men, decrease in sexual desire or arousal and vaginal dryness in women.

Causes of High Blood Pressure: You're at an increased risk of high blood pressure if you:

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Are over 45

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Are overweight or obese

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Have a relative with HBP

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Eat excess salt and don’t eat fruit and vegetables

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Don't exercise enough

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Smoke

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Insufficient or disturbed sleep

Making healthy lifestyle changes can help reduce your chances of getting high blood pressure and help lower your blood pressure if it's already high.


Disclaimer: This is not medical advice. The content is for educational purposes only. Please contact your doctor for any health care issues.

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