Withdrawal syndrome with nicotine withdrawal is not a myth, but a sad reality. Thousands of people cannot part with the habit of smoking tobacco, which brings inconvenience and suffering, precisely because of the occurrence of withdrawal syndrome during the refusal of cigarettes.
Nicotine is a legal drug
It doesn’t make sense, but nicotine is a drug. Cigarettes are sold everywhere, and only in recent years restrictions on the sale of tobacco products have tightened: it has become more difficult for teenagers to buy them, in stores cigarette packs are hidden from prying eyes by special closed cabinets. Naturally, it is hard to believe that the drug can be sold in the public domain.
Not the least role in the frivolous perception of tobacco addiction is played by the way of drug use. A cigarette is easy to smoke. Even the Spartan meal of alcoholics requires minimal preparations, and you don’t need company to smoke a cigarette, you can even ask the first person you meet for a lighter. And the process itself seems harmless and safe. However, for the time being.
Withdrawal syndrome when quitting smoking
After a certain period of regular tobacco smoking, a person suddenly discovers that he has become addicted to this process.
When quitting smoking, he begins to experience obvious inconveniences. They are primarily expressed in psychological discomfort. Smokers describe this condition in different ways, but, as a rule, it is an inability to concentrate, irritability. There are also physiological manifestations that accompany the rejection of nicotine.
This whole set of unpleasant and painful symptoms is called withdrawal syndrome. It is a sign that the smoker has a persistent physical dependence on tobacco, more precisely on its psychoactive component — nicotine.
How does nicotine affect the body?
When smoking cigarettes, nicotine acts on the central nervous system of a person, it is from here that there is a feeling of a surge of strength, cheerfulness, and uplifting mood. The psychoactive substance has an effect on the acetylcholine receptors of the brain, which provokes an unnatural release of adrenaline.
This is how a conditioned reflex arises, a connection is formed in the psyche between smoking a cigarette and getting pleasure. Later, when the addict wants to get rid of the disease, it will be very difficult to break it.
In the case of smoking, this reflex arc harms the body. However, it is worth remembering that all encouraging reflexes are formed in this way, and this can be used not only for harm, but also for good. In the case of sports, the body itself encourages us with the release of hormones of joy. But we can also give them to ourselves with the help of natural pleasures consciously. So knowledge about the formation of reflexes makes it possible to control and shape your life according to your own rules.
But in the case of smoking tobacco, everything happens the other way around. The release of hormones is provoked violently, the body does not receive any real benefit and pleasure. But the deceived brain still adds smoking to the list of useful and pleasant, satisfying actions. This is a stable psychological dependence on the drug.
What does a person feel when quitting smoking?
When an addicted person starts smoking regularly, a physical craving for nicotine is added to psychological dependence.
During the period of quitting smoking, the patient experiences a strong desire to smoke, psychological discomfort is expressed in anxiety, irritability, excessive psychological stress. Depression is piling on the addict, he can be aggressive and unrestrained, it is difficult for him to concentrate on anything, because thoughts about smoking constantly come into his head.
Withdrawal syndrome when quitting smoking is an unpleasant condition from a psychological point of view, however, this is not all the trials that a smoker will face.
Physiological manifestations of withdrawal syndrome
Let’s not forget that nicotine is a real poison. It poisons the human body, causes severe harm to it.
During the manifestation of nicotine withdrawal, the body also has a hard time. The smoker has severe headaches, seizures may develop. The classic symptom of abstinence, characteristic of many addictions— is tremor of the hands, eyes and nicotine addict.
The work of the gastrointestinal tract is out of the norm. On the one hand, there is an increase in appetite, on the other hand, the smoker is tormented by nausea. Sometimes the patient may experience constipation. Rapid heartbeat is accompanied by sharp drops in blood pressure, shortness of breath appears, as if a person does not have enough air when breathing. A state of general weakness and weakness complements this bouquet of symptoms.
And the very way of using the drug has harmed the respiratory system, therefore, when quitting smoking, a strong cough occurs, and ulcers may appear in the oral cavity. During the withdrawal syndrome, the smoker’s overall level of immunity decreases. The immune system decides that it is possible to “relax”, because the body no longer receives so many poisons. Together with the damage caused by smoking to the respiratory organs, this leads to bronchitis, loringitis, rhinitis. When a person smokes, his bronchioles are in a state of prolonged spasm, respectively, during the period of failure syndrome, they expand, and infections penetrate through them more easily.
Treatment of nicotine withdrawal syndrome
We have described a number of physical and psychological symptoms that accompany smoking cessation. So the body is rebuilt to a normal mode of operation without the use of nicotine. For a person, for his body and psyche, this is a lot of stress. Therefore, few people can go through the torments of nicotine withdrawal on their own. The most optimal thing in this case is to consult a doctor.
After all, it can be a shame when a patient, having endured the most painful first days or weeks of nicotine withdrawal, then smokes a cigarette again. So he condemns himself to walking in circles.
Modern narcology offers many ways to combat nicotine addiction, diverse and effective. Why not make it easier for yourself to quit smoking?
Why is nicotine addiction treatment necessary?
Nicotine when smoking interferes with the metabolic processes of the body, becomes an integral part of metabolism. Every cell of the body, even indirectly, is affected by it. First of all, of course, nicotine addiction has an effect on the central and peripheral nervous systems of a person.
Nicotine acts on the receptors of the brain, unnaturally stimulating nerve cells, stimulates the endocrine glands, in particular, the pituitary gland. Subtle and complex metabolic processes are spurred excessively, the body gets used to this condition, and it becomes normal for it.
In fact, a smoker who has developed a persistent addiction does not smoke for pleasure, but to return to his “normal” state.
Naturally, such a deep attachment is not easily overcome. Withdrawal syndrome when quitting smoking can break anyone, so the body needs to be helped through this difficult period, especially since there are plenty of funds for this today.
Treatment with medications
In the treatment of nicotine addiction, specialists often turn to medicinal treatment methods. It should be noted that in fact these methods are coding from smoking.
By themselves, they cannot get rid of addiction, but they allow the patient to live without cigarettes, to evaluate the benefits of a healthy lifestyle. Secondly, drug blocking of addiction in combination with psychotherapeutic methods of treatment can cure the disease completely. In addition, medications facilitate or relieve withdrawal syndrome when quitting smoking, and a person easily goes through the period of adaptation to life without cigarettes.
What medications are used to relieve nicotine addiction? They can be divided into two types of drugs. Some are substitution therapy and mimic the intake of nicotine into the body. The most common among such means is an anti-nicotine patch.
A person who uses a patch does not experience withdrawal syndrome. If the remedy is chosen correctly, then the body is easily deceived, the body does not even suspect that you no longer smoke. What does it mean to choose the right one? It is important to consider how strong you smoke cigarettes, in what quantity and how often. In other words, the patch should imitate your smoking regime as accurately as possible.
It is best to select an anti-nicotine patch with the help of a doctor, because this is a very convenient and effective remedy may not help you only because of the wrong dosage. In addition to the patch, there are also sprays, chewing gums, mouthwash liquids that have a similar effect. Their disadvantage is that you can disrupt the reception regime, forget to use them, which will negate the effect of treatment. In this regard, the patch is the most convenient solution.
There are drugs that block the receptors of the brain, those that react to the intake of nicotine into the body. Thus, the smoker does not experience any sensations from the smoking process, which makes it meaningless.
A fairly large group of drugs works with reducing cravings for tobacco. In fact, these medications relieve unpleasant psychological manifestations of withdrawal syndrome, which will allow the patient to control his behavior.
Please note that many drugs have side effects. In addition, for the correct choice of medicine, it is necessary to take into account the features of the anamnesis of the disease. That is why the choice of a cure for smoking should be entrusted to a professional, so that it will benefit your health, and not additional harm.
If a person wants to get rid of the very root of the disease, from internal psychological causes, a psychotherapist or psychologist will help him in this. This process may take several weeks and months, but it’s worth it.
Under the guidance of a professional, you will understand what exactly pushed you on the path of addiction and will be able to get rid of bad habits of thinking and attitudes. The specialist will help you get used to life without the use of artificial stimulants, using psychotherapeutic techniques for treatment.