Natural cancer treatment

At the moment, thanks to the development of medicine, it is possible to cure about half of the diagnosed cases of cancer. The treatment of tumors in some cancers is much more effective than for others. Some types of neoplasms may return even after a five-year period. But even for cancers that are still considered incurable, adequate therapy often leads to a significant improvement in well-being.

Treatment of tumors can add months or years to a relatively normal life. It also sometimes significantly improves the quality of life of the patient by reducing pain and ensuring the relatively normal functioning of the body’s systems. Many people lead a relatively normal lifestyle with a chronic course of cancer.

Unfortunately, a number of citizens often think that cancer is a death sentence. Many also take the wrong position, believing that if cancer cannot be cured, then there is no point in undergoing anti-cancer therapy. Unfortunately, this incorrect position is sometimes held not only by non-specialists, but also by some doctors. Indeed, in many cases, cancer is incurable. However, this is not the only incurable disease. Incurable diseases include, for example, diabetes and some heart pathologies. Nevertheless, they are constantly treated throughout the patient’s life. And very few people suffering from diabetes and heart disease ignore their condition and neglect treatment. They do this because they know that their disease can be managed, and with proper therapy they can live a long and productive life. The same may apply to cancer patients.

If symptoms of cancer (for example, throat) occur, it is necessary to undergo a proper diagnosis in order to make an accurate diagnosis as soon as possible. The key to effective therapy and successful control of the disease is to obtain the best type of treatment immediately after diagnosis. The use of biomarkers is of particular importance in providing high-quality diagnostics. Recently, specialists have been actively developing biomarkers to increase the effectiveness of cancer detection at early stages.

Overview of possible types of treatment

The three main ways to treat cancer for many years have been surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Recently, biological therapy has joined them, using the body’s immune system to fight the growth of cancer cells.

Surgical intervention

This is the oldest and generally the most common way to treat cancer. If the tumor is effectively and completely removed, then in the absence of residual phenomena, complete healing is possible. To determine whether surgery to remove a tumor is a suitable treatment method, it is necessary to answer two questions:

  • Is the tumor localized? In the case when the cancer has already spread beyond the place of origin, surgery is not always appropriate.
  • Is it possible to perform surgical removal of a tumor without damaging vital organs and causing major functional failures? Kidney or lung may be

removed, since these are paired organs. For obvious reasons, if the entire liver or vital parts of the brain are affected, you will have to do without surgery. For this reason, the treatment of brain tumors largely depends on their location.

The treatment of tumors through surgery uses two approaches. With a one-step approach, the removal of a cancerous tumor can be performed immediately after a diagnostic biopsy while the patient is still under anesthesia. After the operation, the patient discusses with the doctor the most effective ways of further treatment.

With a two-step approach, a biopsy is performed first, and then the patient discusses its results with his doctor. If a biopsy shows the presence of cancer, then a treatment plan for this disease is being developed. In the case when surgical operation is preferable, surgical intervention may be prescribed to remove the tumor. The above applies to cancer. However, sometimes some types of benign tumors are also removed, especially at the risk of their malignancy.

Radiotherapy

The goal of radiotherapy is to reduce the size of the tumor or its complete collapse. Radiation makes it possible to achieve this by destroying the DNA of cancer cells, which leads to disruption of their division and growth. The damaging effect of radiotherapy is provided by a beam of X-ray radiation, gamma radiation or electrons directed by a special device at the tumor.

During radiotherapy, the patient does not experience pain or discomfort. Radiation exposure at the same time resembles that during an X-ray examination of the chest, but it lasts not seconds, but several minutes. For some localized forms of cancer, radiotherapy is the only necessary method of exposure. In other cases, it can be used in combination with other methods of treating tumors.

Chemotherapy

Many misunderstand this term. It refers to the treatment of diseases with the help of medications. For example, the treatment of a tumor with medication using 5-fluorouracil is chemotherapy. Chemotherapy will also treat the infection with an antibiotic or get rid of a headache with aspirin. However, when chemotherapy is used in the context of cancer treatment, it causes some great fear. Almost all patients have heard scary stories about the serious side effects of chemotherapy. Indeed, these side effects can be unpleasant, but stories about them are usually a strong exaggeration.

Some people do not tolerate chemotherapy at all. The body of most patients perceives it quite normally. When considering this issue, it is also important to take into account that numerous drugs are used in chemotherapy, and not all of them are characterized by significant side effects. Often side effects can be minimized or controlled by antiemetic drugs and other medications.

Tumor removal surgery and radiotherapy are aimed at types of cancer localized in a specific area of the body. Chemotherapy is usually used to treat forms of cancer that have spread through the blood and lymph to other parts of the body (systemic therapy). In the past, chemotherapy was used only in cases where surgery or radiotherapy did not lead to success. Currently, in some types of cancer, chemotherapy is the preferred form of tumor treatment and is often used in combination with surgery and radiotherapy, especially in localized forms of cancer.

Biological therapy

This approach to cancer treatment is relatively recent. It is based on modern research showing that the immune system can play a key role in cancer prevention. The immune system may even play a role in fighting cancer that has already arisen in the body.

The immune system is represented by white blood cells called lymphocytes. They perform the function of protection from foreign organisms, for example, from bacteria and viruses. One type of lymphocyte, called T cells, is formed in the thymus gland. These cells are responsible for destroying foreign objects, including cancer cells.

B cells are another type of lymphocytes formed in the bone marrow and lymph nodes. These cells synthesize antibodies in response to the effects of foreign proteins, which also makes it possible to destroy cancer cells. Monocytes, which are a type of lymphocytes, interact with T cells and B cells to ensure the functioning of the immune system.

Biological therapy provides for the treatment of tumors with the help of various classes of drugs:

  1. Synthetic protein compounds with the properties of interferon and interleukin-2. These compounds increase the ability of lymphocytes to destroy cancer cells. They are used for certain types of tumors, such as kidney cancer and melanoma.
  2. Monoclonal antibodies directed against proteins of various types of cancer cells. In particular, trastuzumab is used for breast cancer, and sorafenib is used for renal cell carcinoma. In some cases, monoclonal antibodies are attached to chemotherapeutic drugs, radioactive particles (radioimmune therapy) or toxins (immunotoxins). Currently, active research is being conducted, including clinical trials, in order to find the best way to use these medicines.
  3. Anti-cancer vaccines are specifically targeted against cancer cells. Some of these vaccines target specific proteins present in cancer cells. The effect of this type of vaccine is essentially similar to drugs against various infectious diseases. Anti-cancer vaccines are being developed to stimulate the human immune system to attack and destroy cancer cells.

Biological therapy should not be confused with folk remedies. The latter is not acceptable in the case of oncological diseases. Cancer is a dangerous disease, you cannot trust your life to charlatans who allegedly know about secret ways to treat cancer with the help of traditional medicine. If there were any, then modern medicine would have adopted them long ago.

Combined and adjuvant therapy

About 20-30 years ago, the treatment of tumors was often limited to surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy alone. Depending on the stage of the disease, two or three methods of treatment were used. At the same time, their use usually did not coincide in time, that is, they were used in turn.

If the tumor was localized, then surgery was used first. After resection of the tumor, doctors could use radiotherapy to eliminate the risk of relapse. If a certain type of cancer affected vital organs or metastasized, then treatment of the tumor without surgery (chemotherapy) was used, since surgical intervention or radiotherapy was impossible in this case.

Recently, the medical community has been increasingly interested in a promising area of cancer treatment, called combination therapy. For example, an integrated approach in the treatment of testicular tumors has improved survival in this disease. This type of tumor treatment involves exposure to two or three standard methods in order to increase its effectiveness. For many cases of cancer, there is no general agreement among specialists regarding the best combinations and sequences of tumor treatment methods. However, there is some agreement among experts on the following points:

  • In the case when tumors are characterized by large sizes and come into contact with adjacent structures, first of all, radiotherapy and / or chemotherapy should be resorted to and only then surgical intervention should be used. This approach is done to reduce the size of tumors and increase the chances of success of subsequent surgery. This method of treatment is called neoadjuvant therapy. Hospitals equipped with special equipment sometimes use radiation exposure during surgery (intraoperative radiotherapy). This is done in order to destroy invisible or microscopic cancer cells that can cause a relapse if they are not destroyed.
  • Adjuvant therapy is an approach in which, after a surgical operation, exposure is used with the help of radiotherapy and / or chemotherapy. Radiation exposure is carried out in order to reduce the risks of local relapse. This is especially true after surgery on large tumors. The use of chemotherapy after removal of the tumor is usually carried out in order to reduce the risks of systemic recurrence.
  • In some cases, a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy is used in order to produce a stronger antitumor effect. Some chemotherapeutic drugs act as radiosensitizers, that is, they enhance the effect of radiotherapy. At the same time, it is important to properly control the intensity of chemotherapeutic and radiotherapeutic effects in order to avoid unnecessary side effects.
  • The biological therapy mentioned earlier is also used in combination with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, studies on the effectiveness of such combinations of treatment methods are currently at an early stage and need intensive development.

How a doctor chooses the optimal treatment of tumors

The process of choosing the optimal solution is multi-stage. After the diagnosis is confirmed by the results of a biopsy, a number of factors are taken into account to choose the optimal treatment, as described below.

Stage

For the treatment of tumors, the most significant factor is the stage of cancer. For example, the features of the treatment of prostate tumors, as well as the therapy of brain and spinal cord tumors, are significantly influenced by the stage of the disease. During the tumor staging process, various parts of the body are examined in search of cancer manifestations. Various types of examinations are carried out to clarify the extent of the spread of cancer and the involvement of other tissues. At the same time, special blood tests are usually given to clarify the status of certain organs (for example, liver and kidneys). Also, a chest X-ray is usually performed and a computed tomogram is done.

The set of other specialized types of examination will depend on the primary localization of the tumor and its type. For example, prostate cancer can spread to the bone tissue. For this reason, X-ray examination and computed tomography of bones can be carried out, as well as certain blood tests can be given. Lung cancer can spread to the central part of the chest, which can be detected by computed tomography or mediastinoscopy. Stomach and bowel cancer is often characterized by penetration into the liver. Therefore, in this case, a computed tomography of the abdominal region is usually prescribed, as well as special blood tests.

It is important to understand that a certain type of cancer after spreading remains the same variant of cancer. That is, breast cancer that has spread to the bone tissue does not cease to be breast cancer and does not transform into bone cancer. Whatever organ it was, it has not spread, it remains breast cancer and behaves like this type of cancer. This is an important point, since the type of treatment depends more on where the cancer was initially localized, and not on where it metastasized. That is, the treatment of a breast tumor is carried out precisely taking into account this type of neoplasm, even if it spreads to other parts of the body.

Biology of the disease

An important factor for developing an optimal treatment regimen for tumors is the analysis of the type of cancer. The type of cancer cells itself is important, as well as their biology and expected behavior. All these characteristics significantly affect the effectiveness of therapeutic measures.

Advanced alternatives

After the completion of the staging, the attending physician considers possible options for the treatment of tumors in accordance with the type of malignant formation, its initial localization and the stage of spread. In some cases, only a certain type of therapy can be applied. But often a variety of approaches to cancer treatment can be used.

Methods of treating tumors are constantly being improved. Medical research annually provides doctors with new information that contributes to the adjustment and improvement of treatment methods. Since sometimes specialists simply do not have time to track all innovations in a particular branch of medicine, in some cases it is useful to consult other specialists to develop an optimal approach to the treatment of tumors. For example, a doctor may request a consultation with a chemotherapist, surgeon or radiotherapist. For obvious reasons, the best specialists of the country work mainly in Moscow, and it may be recommended to contact them.

Features of the patient

The peculiarities of the patient’s health also leave an imprint on the decision on the optimal treatment of tumors. The individual characteristics that are important for choosing the right treatment include the patient’s age, his medical problems, and a tendency to develop a certain type of complications. For obvious reasons, the body of a 40-year-old person is much easier to tolerate certain doses of chemotherapy drugs than the body of an 80-year-old patient. In old age, organ functions deteriorate, so the therapeutic risk from a certain type of treatment may exceed the potential benefit. In each case, an individual approach is needed to obtain an overall picture of the patient’s health and the characteristics of his disease.

Features of some types of tumors

Treatment of cancerous tumors on the leg depends on the nature of the disease, the place of its primary localization. If the malignancy is located in the skin of the legs, then it is usually skin cancer. Treatment of a foot tumor is often aimed at eliminating skin cancer in this area of the body. Oncological damage to bone tissue is often caused by osteogenic sarcoma. In the treatment of joint tumors, therapy is mainly aimed at eliminating synovial sarcoma. This tumor is usually localized in the large joints of the upper and lower extremities. Sometimes large tumors of the knee joints develop. In the most difficult cases, with infiltration into the vessels and the presence of relapses, treatment of a knee tumor may involve amputation of limbs.

Natural cancer treatment

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