Ayurveda (or Ashtanga Veda, Upaveda – auxiliary Veda), one of the oldest oriental sciences on earth, is still popular. With people’s craving for eastern esoteric practices, interest in it is constantly growing, especially among adherents of traditional medicine, healthy lifestyle, naturopaths. As a kind of alternative medicine and a method of prevention, Ayurveda is recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO), which, while accepting its effectiveness, simultaneously notes the insufficiency of scientific research, clinical trials of this technique.

What is Ayurveda

Ayurveda is a part of the great Vedic teaching about the universe, giving a person an idea of the basic principles and laws of the surrounding universe. It literally translates from Sanskrit as “the science of life”.

As a science, Ayurveda originated in India about 5000 years ago, which is confirmed by the most ancient Vedic manuscripts found. Although if you focus on the legends, it is believed that this branch of science appeared simultaneously with the creation of the world, the creator of which (and Ayurveda, too) is the deity Brahma. There is another theory that Ayurveda is part of the surviving knowledge of a lost civilization that had a higher level of development than the modern world.

Ayurveda is a branch of one of the 4 types of Vedic treatises of Indian philosophy – Adharvaveda and is based on the following main directions:

  • Sankhya philosophy, explaining the structure of the universe;
  • on Jyotish-shastra – biocosmology with astrology, which trace the connection between man and the universe;
  • vedic naturopathy (natural methods for the prevention and treatment of diseases).

What is Ayurveda in medicine

The most popular and in demand today is the Ayurvedic concept of human health, the fundamental principle of which is the balance of the inner world of man (microcosm) and its harmony with the Universe (macrocosm). This approach has many supporters who are impressed by the holistic approach of treating the human body at 3 levels:

  • the physical body (through the senses);
  • emotional (mental state);
  • mental (mental).

The basics of Ayurveda For Ayurveda, every disease is a signal about the imbalance of various energies in the human body. Therefore, she is not engaged in the treatment of the disease, but in identifying its causes, eliminating them and restoring balance in a particular organism for strictly individual purposes. General standards, clinical recommendations for the treatment of diseases adopted in official medicine are unacceptable here. The goal of Ayurvedic healing is to create a positive attitude to the world around you, determine your place in it, and through this comprehension of continuous happiness, natural beauty and active longevity. These goals and objectives fundamentally distinguish Ayurvedic medicine from classical medicine.

Basics of Ayurveda

Ayurvedic doctors believe that health is given to a person for the realization of his destiny in life through a meaningful awareness and acceptance of the spiritual nature and knowledge of the meaning of life. These are mutually conditioned concepts: health is necessary for realization in life, and for it it is necessary to achieve its embodiment.

There are 4 main goals of Ayurveda that a person must go through in a certain sequence:


Dharma is a person’s duty to society. They are divided into:

  • the highest spiritual purpose is to serve all living beings of the universe;
  • individual material purpose is a manifestation of personal talent and abilities.

A person’s fulfillment of his dharma directly affects his health. Dissatisfaction with life or work leads to diseases of the cardiovascular system.


In Ayurveda, Artha is the receipt of material reward for the fulfillment of dharma (finances, social status, honor, fame, fame).

She is necessary to provide for her family, her health. However, greed, greed, passion for hoarding will necessarily lead to serious diseases.


Kama is the realization of desires and requirements with the help of artha, first of all, the needs of the physical body through the satisfaction of the senses: eyes, ears, tongue, nose, skin. Desires should be legitimate by nature, positive, without negative consequences. Desires aimed at causing evil destroy not only health, but also the mind.


In Ayurveda, Moksha is liberation from ignorance, the achievement of spiritual development, for its realization it is necessary to fulfill the 3 previous goals.

Negative stereotypes of behavior arising from ignorance, from laziness of mind and spirit, lead to diseases. Moksha is the highest level of human development, with the achievement of which the first three goals fade into the background.

There are a lot of people who spend their energy on achieving only 2 and 3 goals: material goods and enjoyment. Only a small part tries to implement 1 and 4, although they are the main ones for a person. Only through them can one become involved in the universal exchange of energy and matter. Becoming a part of such an exchange, a person receives the rights to the material goods and sensual pleasures assigned to him, including the health of the physical body.

Features of Ayurveda

Unlike classical modern medicine, whose efforts are mainly aimed at curing existing diseases, the goal of Ayurveda is to maintain health and prevent diseases. This goal formed the unique features of the ancient medical system:

Holistic or integrity

Holistic or integrity – there is no narrow medical specialization in Ayurveda, it is not a disease or a separate organ that is treated here, but the entire human body as a single holistic system. Healing takes place taking into account the laws of the universe, of which a person is a part, for example, natural biorhythms. The work of the hormonal system, the activity of organs at different times depends on the latter.

Psychosomatic approach

treatment of any diseases A psychosomatic approach – the treatment of any diseases is carried out taking into account the emotional state of a person, which also affects the occurrence of diseases. The theory that all diseases are caused by nerves, that is, by mental changes in a person, has roots in Ayurveda. By changing your behavior, thinking, consciousness, eliminating bad habits, negative desires, you can completely eliminate the disease.

Many diseases arise from various mental manifestations: anxiety, constant anxiety, uncontrolled aggression or anger, feelings of envy, greed or greed, lust, resentment and others. For example, liver diseases are often provoked by a state of anger, kidneys – a constant stay in fear, anxiety.

A person who has bad inclinations or vices cannot be healthy. To get rid of their own internal enemies, there are spiritual practices, religious rituals.

Individual (personal) approach

An individual (personal) approach is a fundamental feature. Ayurvedic medicine treats patients as a specific individual based on knowledge about the psychophysiological structure and types of constitution of the body – tridosh. Each dosha (vata, pita, kapha) is a combination of 20 qualities, some of which are dominant. This ultimately determines the personality of the person whose healing is carried out taking into account the dosha.

Healthy lifestyle

Healthy lifestyle – consists of three whales:

  • Ahara – nutrition, this is what we get from the outside. Ayurvedic medicine describes in detail the patient’s diet according to special algorithms, which suits the patient according to dosha. Many people believe that they listen to the body, what it likes, what it doesn’t. But in a sick body, all the signals are wrong. Therefore, the feelings and desires of a sick patient are an unacceptable criterion. Only the body of a perfectly healthy person is able to tell you what to do, what to eat, how to behave. Ayurvedic diets are prescribed for each stage of the disease, for rehabilitation, restoration of the body, elimination of residual toxins.
  • Vihara or mode / routine – control of the time of eating, sleeping, work, rest. Failure of biological rhythms threatens to unbalance the body. Food taken outside of school hours leads to the formation of ama toxins. For example, the main meal should be at noon local time, and the breaks between meals should be at least 3 hours.
  • Aushadha in Ayurveda – therapy or medicine – this can be everything that surrounds a person. The best methods of therapy are aromatherapy, massage, cleansing techniques (enemas, intestinal cleansing, therapeutic vomiting), yoga, music, meditation. Treatment is carried out by a number of products: vegetable oils, the famous ghee – ghee and honey.


Naturopathy – for healing, Ayurvedists use natural remedies of natural origin: oils, herbs, water, minerals, animal products, sun, air, etc. Natural products homologously correspond to human tissues by their biological properties. They are easily absorbed by the body, do not cause harm with both short-term and long-term use.


Universality – the practice of Ayurveda has no restrictions: religious, national, geographical, ethnic. It is universal and can be used regardless of nutrition, climatic conditions, folk traditions and culture.

Principles of Ayurveda

According to ancient medicine, human health consists of the balance of the following components:

  • arogya (or arodya) is the first level of health when a person does not experience physical suffering;
  • sukham is the health of the social plan, which means that a person is completely satisfied with his personal life, family, work, relationships with other people, society – this is worldly happiness;
  • swastha is evidence of self-sufficiency and personal independence, when a person cares more about the soul, which is eternal, and not about the body, which is perishable;
  • ananda – determines the degree of spiritual happiness when a person believes in the highest ideals and is happy that he is with God.

From Ayurvedic advice, you can deduce 8 main principles that should be followed every day, and this can radically change your life:

  1. Early rising – a long sleep of more than 8 hours in Ayurveda is considered a symptom of the disease, it is recommended to get up before sunrise, optimally at 5.30.
  2. Reduce or completely eliminate meat from the diet – vegetarian food is considered the healthiest for a person, it cleanses karma. The rejection of meat should be gradual: first on one day of the week, then for 2 days without meat, and so on until the complete transition to vegetarianism.
  3. Physical exercises are excluded only for those who are engaged in heavy physical labor. For others, regular asanas have been developed in Ayurveda. It helps to get rid of laziness and diseases.
  4. Good behavior – up to the point of exaggerated politeness with everyone. Being smiling, friendly, friendly to people is a lot of work.
  5. Gratitude is to learn to thank for everything that fate sends us, to accept misfortunes as life lessons, to learn from our mistakes. Lost money? Thank you, Lord, for taking money!
  6. Observing the daily routine teaches a person self-organization, discipline, balances energy flows, and gives happiness.
  7. Healthy sleep – going to bed no later than 23.30. Before falling asleep, make a small personal report on the good deeds that were done during the day.
  8. To wish to live better – not only for yourself personally, but for everyone, wish everyone well and happiness, even enemies. With material well-being, there is an opportunity to do more good. Aggression and evil is a lack of love in a person, you need to give him what he lacks.

What Ayurveda treats

Ayurveda official medicine deals directly with the disease or a diseased organ, relieving the patient of pain, relieving the symptoms of what lies on the surface. Ayurveda does not treat the disease, but tries to find the root causes of the disease, to eliminate the imbalance in the body, normalize its functions and maintain a healthy tone for a long time.

According to the Ayurvedic medical concept, the disease is a violation of balance:

  • 3 energies (dosh): vata (air, ether), pitta (fire), kapha (mucus, water);
  • 7 types of fabrics (dhatu): reproductive, plasma, blood, muscles, fat, bones, nerves;
  • 3 types of waste body waste (small): urine, sweat, feces.

Bioenergy and balance are destroyed by an incorrect lifestyle, disharmony of the psycho-emotional sphere, negative thoughts. An imbalance is created when one of the doshas begins to dominate. For example, an imbalance of pita energy will cause disturbances in the digestive tract. As a result, undigested and not digested food leads to intoxication and the occurrence of diseases such as gastritis, constipation, ulcers, diarrhea, pancreatitis.

Blocking the energy of the air will affect the joints, provoking arthritis, joint diseases. Violation of the flow of water and earth (mucosal) bioenergies is the cause of constant chronic rhinitis (rhinitis, sinusitis, sinusitis), various forms of bronchitis, which will eventually lead to bronchial asthma.

There are a lot of combinations of such bioenergetic balance, only Ayurvedists will be able to identify them and eliminate the causes.

Ayurvedic treatments

Ayurvedic procedures are not aimed at eliminating pain symptoms, but primarily at restoring the functions of the body, the balance of all energies. A variety of therapeutic techniques are available to reduce or increase energy:

  • diet taking into account the internal constitution, biorhythms;
  • cleansing procedures for the elimination of toxins;
  • bloodletting;
  • use of medicinal herbs, minerals;
  • aromatherapy;
  • the use of natural oils: ingestion, rubbing, oil enemas –vasti) – to remove toxins;
  • various types of wellness massage;
  • steam baths with herbs and oils;
  • yoga exercises;
  • therapy with music;
  • meditative practices for emotional balancing.

This is not a complete list of procedures, which also includes many others: asanas, color therapy, the use of minerals and even precious stones, special spices. The Ayurvedic program is individual for each person. The patient may be prescribed a set of procedures for deep cleansing of the body, which is called Panchakarma, or only cleansing at the initial stage. It all depends on the constitution, lifestyle, existing diseases.

The basic procedures in Ayurveda for balancing the 3 doshas are as follows:

  • to reduce Cotton wool – nutritious, warming, moisturizing, grounding, soothing techniques are useful;
  • to reduce Pitta, cooling, soothing, nourishing and moderately cleansing procedures are necessary;
  • to suppress Kapha, lightening, stimulating, cleansing and drying procedures are used.

Contraindications for Ayurveda

There are practically no restrictions on the use of Ayurvedic practices and drug therapy. However, the oldest medical science is still capable of harming.

This happens when you try to do Ayurveda yourself, without having sufficient knowledge and experience, after reading some books or information on the Internet. When self-medicating, instead of a positive result, many get a negative effect, after which they subject Ayurveda to the harshest criticism, which allegedly does not help and is a pseudoscience.

Ayurveda is not only a tool for healing, first of all it is a way of life that must be followed strictly and daily. Improper implementation of the recommendations of Ayurvedic practitioners can also harm health. This is most often observed during cleansing procedures or breathing practices, in which doctors are asked to follow a diet and give up bad habits: smoking, alcohol, etc. The danger is that by removing old toxins, the body will not cope with the regular intake of new poisons.

Ayurvedic healing cannot replace acute diseases in which emergency surgical intervention is necessary. Carefully and only under the guidance of experienced specialists, it is necessary to apply Ayurvedic procedures to pregnant and lactating women. It should also be taken into account that some medicines may contain substances harmful to the body and heavy metals, for example, mercury, lead, arsenic.


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